The land down under has certainly gained a big momentum over the last one hundred twenty years. At first it was little more than a place that the world, especially the British Empire, sent their criminals and societies undesirables (although there were cases where starving nine year old children were deported to Australia for simply not being able to afford bread!). However, sporting success, achievements in the arts and a successful economy plus a proximity to the Americas and Eastern Asia has contributed to a healthy, strong independent country.
Not much of Australia is actually habitable. It is only in the fertile strip around this huge island that you will find any major cities and towns. Australia Is extremely hot in the summer and very temperate in the Winter. This is why, if you go, you will need a good few Farah T Shirts like the ones you can buy from https://www.ejmenswear.com/men/farah/t-shirt to keep you going. One of the few cities in the interior of Australia is that of Alice Springs. It owes its existence to the very welcome springs plus it is a tourist stop off before seeing Uluru, previously Ayres Rock.
Apart from the heat there are also dangerous snakes and spiders, poisonous plants and you will definitely need a hat and some sunscreen. Otherwise, it is said to be a lovely place.